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Archibald Gower

Archibald Gower

Male Abt 1758 - 1827  (~ 69 years)

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  • Name Archibald Gower  [1, 2
    Born Abt 1758  Unknown (Foundling) Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Name Archebargo Gower  [4
    Name Archibald Goore  [3
    Name Archibald Gore  [5
    Name Archibold Gore  [6
    Name Archibold Gower  [7
    Occupation Wombwell, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Blacksmith 
    Residence Wombwell, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 6
    Buried 23 Mar 1827  Darfield, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I7399  Main Tree
    Last Modified 2 Jan 2018 

    Family Charlotte Jenkinson,   b. Abt 1762,   bur. 17 Jan 1838, Darfield, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years) 
    Married 3 Sep 1783  Wath upon Dearne, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Children 
    +1. Elizabeth Gower,   b. 28 Mar 1784, Elsecar, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    +2. Mary Gower,   b. Abt 1786, Wombwell, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 28 Jan 1872, St John the Baptist, Hooton Roberts, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 86 years)  [natural]
    +3. Hannah Gower,   c. 18 May 1788, Darfield, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 17 Nov 1833, Darfield, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 45 years)  [natural]
    +4. Joseph Gower,   b. Abt 1791, Wombwell, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 19 Mar 1823, Darfield, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 32 years)  [natural]
    +5. Peter Gower,   b. Abt 1793, Wombwell, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 12 Mar 1851, Darfield, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years)  [natural]
     6. Archibald Gower,   b. Abt 1795, Wombwell, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 2 Aug 1832, Darfield, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 37 years)  [natural]
    +7. John Gower,   b. Abt 1798, Wombwell, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    Last Modified 2 Jan 2018 
    Family ID F2192  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • A Foundling's Tale

      The London Foundling Hospital admitted child number 9,817 on 12th September 1758. He was probably only a month or two old and the person depositing him into the care of the Governors - most likely his mother - would have known that she would never see him again unless her circumstances changed so dramatically that she was able to reclaim him. She would have drawn strength from the belief that the Hospital could offer her infant son a far better chance in life than she could, but it must have been a difficult parting.

      She informed the authorities that he had been christened but they made no record of his name or, indeed, of hers. In order to allow for the possibility of her reclaiming him, they instead filled in a pre-printed form detailing the 'Marks and Cloathing of the Child'. This recorded that, on admission, he wore a cap made of Irish material with a long lawn border, a holland-edged forehead cloth and an Irish bib. A piece of the fabric of his purple and white gown was cut out and pinned to the record of his clothing. Today it appears to be brown and cream but the pattern of flowers and dots is distinct and feminine - probably taken from a dress worn originally by his mother and re-used to clothe her child. He had a flannel blanket overcast with blue worsted. His 'roller' was 'shoolen' bound with ash-coloured silk. His bed and clout were of Irish fabric as was his shirt which was trimmed with long lawn. There were no distinguishing marks on his body.

      Although the Hospital baptism registers for 1758-59 do not survive, child number 9,817 would almost certainly have been baptised in the Hospital chapel the same day he was admitted. All children were allocated a new name on their admission - he was given the name Archibald Gore. The surname may have been that of one of the Hospital benefactors - it certainly appears more than once in the registers. Later the same day, he was dispatched to a wet nurse, Elizabeth Day of Chingford in Essex, on the outskirts of London. Unusually, he was returned to the hospital just over a year later, on 3rd October 1759, and two days later was sent into Hampshire into the care of a dry nurse, Judith Spike, who lived in the village of Stratfield Saye.

      Archibald remained in Hampshire until he was 10 years old, avoiding the institutional life experienced by many of his fellow foundlings, but all that was to change in September 1768. On the 29th of that month, he was returned to the Bloomsbury-based Hospital and then, in the company of 29 other little boys, he left London for the last time on 10th October 1768 on his way to a new life in Yorkshire.

      The children were sent to the Foundling Hospital's country branch in Ackworth in the West Riding. This had been established in 1757 and initially thrived because of considerable demand for apprentices from tradesmen and women across the north of England. One such tradesman, blacksmith Thomas Cox, presented himself at Ackworth Hospital on 19th October 1768 together with his certificate of good character which had been signed by B. Frank, presumably a parish officer in Campsall, Yorkshire where he was resident. The certificate confirmed that Thomas Cox was of the Protestant religion, that he was a householder and that he had the proper abilities to take on an apprentice and to instruct him in the business of a blacksmith. It also confirmed that his place of legal settlement was the parish of Hickleton in Yorkshire. Archibald Gore was apprenticed to Thomas Cox until he was 21 years old. Although the registers record that he was apprenticed on 19th October, the date of the indenture was given as 21st December 1768. Presumably it took some time to draw up the formal documentation and have it approved.

      Archibald Gore must have successfully completed his apprenticeship as he himself became a blacksmith in the town of Wombwell near Barnsley in Yorkshire and many of his descendants followed him into that trade.

      © Ruth Selman, 2010

      Sources (London Metropolitan Archives):
      A/FH/A/09/001/111 - Billet Book, Sep 1758
      A/FH/A/09/002/003 (X41/4) - Foundling Hospital: General Register, 1758-59
      A/FH/A/10/003/006 - Nursery Book, 1758-59
      A/FH/A/10/004/001-002 - Inspection Books, 1749-58 & 1756-64
      A/FH/A/10/006/001 - Register of children sent to Ackworth, 1757-72
      A/FH/A/12/003/001 (X41/5A) - Foundling Hospital: Apprenticeship Register, 1751-69
      A/FH/D/01/006/004 - Applications by masters to take apprentices, 1768 (Ackworth)
      A/FH/Q/01/062 - Register of children received and apprenticed, 1757-70 (Ackworth)
      A/FH/Q/01/068 - Register of children apprenticed, 1758-68 (Ackworth)
      A/FH/Q/01/064 - General register of children, 1757-70 (Ackworth)

  • Sources 
    1. [S468] Darfield Parish Registers (West Riding): Baptisms 1598-1855; Marriages 1598-1850; Burials 1598-1846, Yorkshire Parish Register Section, Yorkshire Archaeological Society, (CD-ROM, YPRS, 2004;), baptism of Mary Gower, dau of Archibald, of Wombwell, 23 Apr 1786 (Reliability: 2).

    2. [S233] Information from Carole Walton, tree on www.genesreunited.co.uk, viewed 28 April 2006 (Reliability: 1).

    3. [S468] Darfield Parish Registers (West Riding): Baptisms 1598-1855; Marriages 1598-1850; Burials 1598-1846, Yorkshire Parish Register Section, Yorkshire Archaeological Society, (CD-ROM, YPRS, 2004;), burial of Arch Goore of Wombwell, 23 Mar 1827, aged 68 years (Reliability: 2).

    4. [S266] Information from Louise Merrill, email dated 5 September 2006, citing Wentworth parish registers (Reliability: 3).
      1784, Elizabeth Gower daughter of Archebargo Gower Blacksmith of Wombwell a foundling and Sharlott his wife daughter of John Jenkin Taylor of Elsecar and Elizabeth his wife. Born March 28th baptised June 6th

    5. [S195] International Genealogical Index, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, (www.familysearch.org;), marriage of Archibald Gore and Charlotte Jenkinson, 3 Sep 1783, Wath upon Dearne, Yorkshire (extracted from registers) (Reliability: 2).

    6. [S468] Darfield Parish Registers (West Riding): Baptisms 1598-1855; Marriages 1598-1850; Burials 1598-1846, Yorkshire Parish Register Section, Yorkshire Archaeological Society, (CD-ROM, YPRS, 2004;), baptism of Hannah Gore, dau of Archibold, Wombwell, 18 May 1788 (Reliability: 2).

    7. [S468] Darfield Parish Registers (West Riding): Baptisms 1598-1855; Marriages 1598-1850; Burials 1598-1846, Yorkshire Parish Register Section, Yorkshire Archaeological Society, (CD-ROM, YPRS, 2004;), baptism of Peter Gower, son of Archibold, of Wombwell, 22 Sep 1793 (Reliability: 2).